How to Write a Descriptive Essay

A description is defined as providing details about a person, place, thing etc. A good description must appeal to the five senses and create pictures in the reader’s mind (colors , shapes, sizes or texture). For example, in the case of describing a person, the writer needs to provide details about the physical appearance, facial expressions, attire, gestures etc.

Descriptions are words that provide to the listener or reader an idea how something looks, sounds, smells, tastes or feels.

The essay structure

The introduction paragraph consists of a hook or something that gets the audience interested. A hook may be in the form of a question, statement, suggestion, fact etc.

The connecting info from the hook to the main topic or background information is of great value. Thus, a clear thesis statement with 3 clear points of development is a must. A thesis statement is the main idea statement with the following three points of development.

The body paragraph has a clear topic sentence with the supporting details and a concluding sentence with added transition words.  The conclusion restates the thesis and summarizes the points of the development. It provides a suggestion, opinion or prediction.

A descriptive paper

Using the five stages of the writing process to create a descriptive piece is defined as prewriting, drafting, revising, editing and publishing.

Descriptive writing is the only type of writing which can be used in all other forms such as expository, narrative and persuasive.

Good descriptive writing includes vivid sensory details appearing to one or more of the five senses. A clear, consistent organization using either spatial, chronological or thematic order.

In the introduction, capture the reader’s attention and identify the subject. Make sure to provide adequate information. A hook should be an interesting introduction with a tangling sentence.  In the body paragraph, use a variety of details such as sensory, factual or figurative. In conclusion, summarize the most dominant statement.

Types of descriptive essays

There are several types of descriptive writing such as descriptions of people or places, remembrances, observations and vignettes.

Descriptions of people or places show  the physical appearance of an individual or place. Thus, it shows to the readers why the subject is important or special. Observations present an event that happened to the writer.

A good precise language uses precise language and specific words and phrases.  Good descriptive writing is organized with the chronological (time), spatial (location) and order importance.

Transitions used in descriptive writing varies depending on whether you are describing a person, a place or a thing.

Typically, a descriptive essay has one, clear and dominant expression. Overall, to write an impactful descriptive essay, apply the following: choose a specific topic, compile information, make an outline, write the introductory paragraph, write the body paragraphs and summarize the essay in the concluding paragraph.

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